Fed Rate Hikes Cascade to Auto Industry

The Fed’s recent interest rate increases to curb inflation have
quickly cascaded to the auto industry. The average interest rate on
a new vehicle loan rose to 4.8% in May 2022, its highest rate since
pre-pandemic March 2020 (5.3%). After being in the 4.0 range from
last September to December, this metric quickly climbed almost a
full point from December to May 2022.

S&P Global Mobility new vehicle registration data combined
with Trans Union financial data indicate not all credit score tiers
have been equally impacted by the rate increases. As the chart
below illustrates, the average APR has risen this past May when
compared to a year ago for the upper level credit tiers, but not
for the lowest tier, including credit scores between 300 and 600.
While scores in this lower tier have risen in the past several
months, they remain below a year ago, the only tier for which this
is the case.

Further, the range between interest rates has narrowed from
pre-pandemic levels. The gap between the APR for the lowest tier
customers and the highest in June 2019 was 9.3 PP, but that range
has narrowed to 7.3 PP this past June.

Lastly, these interest rate increases have propelled loan and
lease monthly payments to four- year highs; as the chart below
indicates, the average loan APR in June of $686 is the highest
payment dating back to at least the start of 2019, and it is $79 a
month higher than the payment a year ago. Similarly, the May 2022
lease payment of $559 is the highest in this time horizon and up
$71 from June 2021. In the near time, these higher interest rates
and corresponding monthly payments will curb retail demand, though
natural demand is still being masked by the inventory


This automotive insight is part of our monthly Top
10 Trends Industry Report.
The Report findings
are taken from new and used registration and loyalty data.

The August report is now available. To download the report, please
click below.


Posted 01 September 2022 by Tom Libby, Associate Director, Loyalty Solutions and Industry Analysis, S&P Global Mobility

This article was published by S&P Global Mobility and not by S&P Global Ratings, which is a separately managed division of S&P Global.